Softwood has a sharp resinous odor. In addition, the microstructure of wood better highlighted than the deciduous. For softwood include pine, larch, fir, spruce and cedar.
Pine is most often used as a building material. Stained pine wood can be a reddish-yellow and pale yellow, and it does not affect the working properties of wood. The very durable wood, light, it is convenient to handle. In addition, due to the high content of pine resin is very resistant to rot and weather ability. The soft structure of the wood makes it easy to absorb different colors. This also applies to the lacquer. When shrinkage of pine wood almost does not warp. The disadvantage of this breed is that it is not well refined and painted. Despite this, it is most often used pine in the furniture and plywood production.
Spruce - the second in importance and use of conifers. The wood of spruce resin slightly less, which affects the stability of its bad weather ability. Its wood is fairly hard, easy, low-shrink, but it is easy to root. The disadvantage is the high knotty spruce, which is why it is poorly handled. However, this wood has its advantages: the homogeneity of the structure, and a small white resinous. Spruce is well able to hold the metal fittings. Spruce made minor details or decorative veneer of its synthetic materials, or more valuable woods.
Cedar or Siberian pine on construction quality is not inferior eating, but by resistance to decay exceeds spruce. Although cedar wood is soft, it has a high density and strength, to the same well treated.
Fir on their work quality is not unlike eating: easy to process and practically does not take chemicals. Just as in spruce wood, it little resin because of which the wood rot quickly outdoors without special treatment.
Hardwood divided into hardwood and deciduous. Wood such rocks almost no smell, the smell is enhanced only with fresh cut timber and its treatment. Among the hardwoods are most often used oak, birch, and ash. The most common among broadleaved species - aspen and alder.
Oak is characterized by high strength and resistance to decay. Its wood has a beautiful color and texture. Doubtless, its advantage is that it is a little susceptible to cracking and warping. Because this breed makes furniture, decorative art objects, parquet. The composition of oak wood contains a lot of tannins, which are better than any antiseptic to protect against the effects of different bacteria and microorganisms that allows to use it in all the important structures in high humidity conditions. Especially solid wood obtained if the oak logs kept in running water for 1-1.5 years (the brown color changes to black) and dried by natural air drying. The only drawback - Oakwood is quite expensive. Morin wood is used for the manufacture of very expensive furniture. Oak furniture is the most beautiful and durable; In addition, solid wood allows to decorate the details of relief carving. Made of solid wood and make minor fixing is the very strong connection. Oak - one of the few types of wood used to make the bent parts of different radii. Due to the high content of tannins in the wood of oak is considered to be the most resistant to rotting hardwood.
Oak - the ideal material for furniture production, but the novice master should take into account that its wood is very difficult to handle, especially planing, sawing and hammer away.
Beech also relates to hardwoods. According to its quality is not inferior to oak. Beech wood is easy to work, bend and impregnated with various chemical solutions. This contributes to the quality and durability of the lacquer coating coloring. Beech is used to simulating pink and mahogany, walnut. Its wood is used for making bentwood furniture, veneer, used in the manufacture of carpentry tools. But due to the fact that beech greatly warped during drying, decay prone to form wormholes, it is little used in the manufacture of furniture.
Ash - elastic, hard, dense wood, durable, resistant to decay, with a beautiful textured pattern; It has good resistance to various loads, particularly bending loads. Ash core has a yellowish color, sapwood - pronounced growth rings. Most often used for the manufacture of parts that are in use in contact with human hands, grips, handles, stair railings, as well as in the manufacture of furniture, flooring, and veneer. Such widespread use of ash is primarily due to the quality of its wood: solid, viscous, with little shrinkage warp and bend well at the Steaming.
Birch is used slightly less often than ash. Birchwood has an average density, hardness, strength and sufficient toughness. It has a softly pronounced texture and different structure homogeneity. The disadvantages of this breed are the susceptibility to cracking and warping, strong shrinkage, a small resistance to decay, the frequent failure wormhole. However, birch wood is easy to work tool, glued, polished and painted easily, it makes it possible to make a fine relief carving. Using the appropriate dyes, birch can be written in the form of a walnut, gray, maple or mahogany.
Elm - basic qualities of this breed - the density, strength, toughness, and low porosity. When shrinkage of the wood almost does not warp or crack. In addition, after steaming the wood can be bent as you wish. But because of it's dense and fine-pored structure of the wood is poorly polished, poorly planned and painted.
Walnut is one of those few species that are characterized by a variety of decorative textures and rich color and tonal range. Well handled, amenable to polishing and impregnation chemicals. Heavy and sturdy walnut wood can not be warping and rotting, so it finds many uses in the form of an array and veneer: for a different thread in a mosaic, much appreciated when tiling.
Aspen has a soft wood, in which the little knots; It responds well to treatment, but because of its porous structure of small parts can break right at the time of their production, so it made of furniture parts are usually coated with synthetic veneer or a more expensive wood species.
Poplar refers to broadleaved species. From such a beautiful wood produced small parts and products. But poplar is prone to decay, desiccation at warp and crack.
Alder of all broadleaved species most commonly used in the construction of houses and in the manufacture of furniture. Alder is virtually impossible to decay and is therefore often used in the construction of log cabins wells. It is widely used in the construction of the storerooms because it does not smell and does not absorb odors. alder wood gives a slight warping during drying, well-glued, cut, polished, painted. This material is lightweight, soft. Alder is mainly used as a simulator of such rocks as black and mahogany, walnut.
Linden among all broadleaved species prized in the manufacture of large carved pieces of furniture. In addition, it is one of the few types of wood, which does not warp or crack during shrinkage. Linden has a solid structure, which is little susceptible to rotting.
Maple has a strong, dense wood and slightly dry out the wood. It jarred slightly, but easy to root, and subject to a wormhole. Maple bad treated, gluing, finishing and dyeing. It is used for carvings and manufacturing parts of the array.
Russia is also very popular and imported breeds, which often go to the production of furniture and decorations.
Mahogany grows only in the tropical forests. The concept of "mahogany" does not mean belonging to a certain breed, and a rich variety of rocks, timber which has a red color. Wood mahogany refers to soft rock, well treated, polished, absorbs paint. Mainly used for finishing furniture and premises. Due to its expensive price rarely goes entirely to the production of furniture.
Ebony is brought to us from Madagascar, Ceylon, the island of St. Mauritius. Although the wood with the shrinkage cracks and good breaks, ebony is the most expensive. Its wood is dense, homogeneous, black color. Very much appreciated wood with inconspicuous streaks of tree rings and vessels. The least valued wood with whitish streaks and allocate cores. Wood almost does not rot, does not warp during shrinkage, perfectly absorbs paint. The only thing you can not do with the ebony - polished from this appearance is only getting worse.
Eucalyptus has a strong, heavy wood, which practically does not rot. This property is explained by a high content of essential oils in it, which act in the same way as in pine wood resin. Eucalyptus belongs to a small number of tree species that are not easily treated. Most often made of eucalyptus basis of furniture, then decorate it inserts from other breeds or pasted over with veneer mahogany or ebony.
Pernambuco used in making the mosaic. The most expensive violin bows are considered and conductor's wand made out of wood. When storing Pernambuco able to change color from yellow to orange tint to dark-cherry and even black. Its wood almost does not rot and dry can not be warping. But just felled tree strongly dries, cracks and changes shape. According to the severity of the treatment is second the only eucalyptus.
Rosewood, like most other breeds imported to Russia from South America. Wood Rosewood has a porous structure and a dense arrangement of thin fibers. The peculiarity of this breed is its color, which, depending on the predominance of a color varies from light purple to dark brown with a purple tinge. As Pernambuco, rosewood over time is able to change the color. If at the end of the work the tree was not polished, the color of the wood can be almost black. The very fine wood treated, does not rot. Most often made of rosewood furniture and all sorts of decorations.